Culture produces a vast number of things: books, films, exhibitions, paintings… This amount is confusing and it is difficult to distinguish what is vital, what advances knowledge and expands experiences and what, instead, does not deserve attention since it is mere repetition and uselessness. At the end of the 1930s, the periodical Kritický měsíčník (The Critical Monthly) appeared in Czechoslovakia on the initiative of the versatile literary scholar Václav Černý, who was severe in his opinions though sensitive in his search. He tried to bring stimulating ideas from abroad and ponder questions of art and society in a European context – to open the Czech milieu to the world and to let the world into it. The periodical’s contributors formed a network that was to expand and hold together in adhering to demanding ethical principles. In fact, it unravelled, tore apart and overhauled itself. Did anything remain of it?